300th Anniversary of the Peace of Nystad (virtual exhibition of one document)

300 years ago, on September 10 (August 30), 1721 a peace treaty was signed between Russia and Sweden in the city of Nystad (Sw. Nystad, Fin. Uusikaupunki). The Nystad treatise was signed by representatives of two powers: from the Russian side – General Feldzheichmeister Count Ya. V. Bruce and Adviser to the Secret Chancellery A.I. The document included 24 articles and a secret article on the conditions for concluding “an eternal, true and inviolable peace.”

In September 1721, the treaty was ratified by Tsar Peter I and King Frederick I of Sweden. One copy was certified by the signature of Peter I and the Great Seal, and the other by the signature of Frederick I and the Royal Great Seal. All formalities were completed after the exchange of signed and sealed copies. According to Peter’s decree, the text of the ratification of the Treaty of Nystad was printed in the printing houses of St. Petersburg and Moscow, accompanied by the image of the Swedish royal seal. The circulation was supposed to be two thousand copies, but then it was increased to five or six thousand. The document was to be sent to the provincial, county and volost centers, as well as to the quarters of the regiments, to be publicly read and announced. Then the ratification was to be kept in the archives of the authorities.

The exhibition presents a copy of the ratification of the Nishtad peace treaty from the collection of N.P. Likhachev. It was printed at the St. Petersburg printing house on October 5 (according to the old style), 1721.

Archive of St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Coll. 283 “Collection of printed publications (decrees, manifestos, announcements and other volatile publications, collected by N.P. Likhachev.” Op. 1. D. 9a.

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