In the first quarter of the 18th century, types of documents appeared that were unknown to the pre-Petrine era, and printing technologies began to be actively used. Samples of such documents from eight collections of the Scientific and Historical Archive of St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences which chronologically cover almost the entire Petrine era, are presented at the exhibition “Handwriting of the Empire” in Omsk Regional Museum of Fine Arts named after M.A. Vrubel. In total, fifteen original documents of the late 17th – first quarter of the 18th century (charter letters, patents for ranks, diplomas, travel letters) will be presented, “visualizing” the new image of Russia. Almost all of them have the personal signature of Peter the Great or Chancellor G.I. Golovkin and are certified by the state seal. The documents will be shown to the Omsk audience for the first time. Most of them have never been exhibited: only two documents from the collection of N.P. Likhachev previously took part in the exhibition of the State Hermitage Museum (2012). As part of the preparation of the project, the employees of St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences have done a lot of scientific and scientific restoration work.
The opening of the exhibition took place on June 9, the birthday of Peter the Great.
The solemn ceremony was attended by the Deputy Director for External and Public Relations of St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences Doctor of History Yulia Zorakhovna Kantor, and curator of the exhibition, head of the Scientific and Historical Archive and Source Research Group of St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences Cand.Sc. in History Tatyana Anatolyevna Bazarova.
The publishing house “Dmitry Bulanin” issued the second volume of the publication “Journals of the Committee of the Western Provinces” [“Jurnaly Komiteta Zapadnykh guberniy”] – Vol. 2: 1836–1840. — St. Petersburg, 2021. 800 p., ill. ISBN 978-5-86007-981-6. The publication was prepared by T.V. Andreeva, I.N. Vibe, B.P. Milovidov, D.N. Shilov.
Journals of the Committee of the Western Provinces dated from 1836 to 1840 are the most valuable source of information about the preparation and implementation of large-scale government events in one of the largest and ethnically complex regions of the Russian Empire, the Western Territory, after the Polish uprising of 1830-1831. Decision-making mechanisms, their discussion, the correlation of orders depending on local daily life and the political situation in the region, as well as a comparative analysis of innovations in other regions of Russia – this is just a small list of the contents of the Committee’s journals. The circumstances and goals of its creation, the delegation of wide legislative, administrative and control powers to it indicate the high importance of the Committee of the Western Provinces in the political life of the state of that time. The committee concentrated all the key functions for managing a large, densely populated and multinational region of the empire. He was faced with the task of completely changing the system of administration of the region in administrative, social, economic, confessional terms. The variety of problems solved by the Committee was clearly reflected in its information-rich clerical documentation. The journals of the Committee of the Western Provinces are published in full, without any exceptions or abridgements. The publication is supplied with appendices and pointers that will help the reader to better understand the processes of formation and implementation of policy towards the Western Territory in one of the least studied periods in the history of the Russian Empire.
On May 24-26, 2022, in St. Petersburg will be held the international scientific conference “Hero Cities: front and rear in the largest battles of the Great Patriotic War”. The conference was organized by St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the State Memorial Museum of the Defense and Siege of Leningrad, and the European University in St. Petersburg. More than 50 researchers from Russia, as well as countries of near and far abroad will take part in the conference. Within the framework of the plenary session, the main attention will be paid to the cities officially awarded the title of “Hero City”. Sectional reports are devoted to the functioning of the authorities, industry and the problems of the military everyday life of the cities that contributed to the common Victory in the war. Within the framework of the conference, it is also planned to discuss the problems of memory of the Great Patriotic War and new methods in studying the history of this period. Conference program (in Russian).
The conference was organized by: the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Historical Society, St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, St. Petersburg State University, State Historical Museum, Russian Archival Agency. Conference program (in Russian).
On the eve of the Victory Day, the issue of searching and identifying pages of personal history that complement the macrohistory of the Fatherland is especially relevant for educating the younger generation of interest and respect for historical memory. Within the framework of the agreement between St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the gymnasiums of the Petrogradsky district under the program “The Faculty of Social Sciences” on May 5, 2022, Doctor of History. Yu.Z. Kantor gave a lecture “When does history come to life? How archival funds are replenished”.
Yu.Z.Kantor shared her experience in studying plots related to the fate of cultural values and their keepers during the Great Patriotic War. Thus, in the course of one of these projects, letters from Hermitage employees who were evacuated to Sverdlovsk, where the exhibits were sent, were found in personal collections. These ego-documents, which made it possible to reconstruct the details of everyday life and the work of Leningrad art critics and their colleagues in the Urals, were preserved by Sverdlovsk TV director Zoryana Rymarenko, who in the post-war period created films about the Hermitage: a kind of “memory broadcast”. And the letters from the children of the Hermitage workers, who were evacuated in a boarding school in the Molotov Region (Permsky Kray), identified by the author of the lecture, made it possible not only to learn the everyday details of their stay, but also to find out ways to preserve cultural memory. After all, these testimonies were collected by a caring person – a school teacher Tamara Mikheeva, who thus passed on historical memory to students of post-war generations. Today, these invaluable testimonies of the intertwining of people’s destinies, museum-evacuation everyday life and history are kept in the Scientific Archive of Manuscripts and Documentary Fund of the State Hermitage.
At the lecture, which aroused the genuine interest of the audience, as evidenced by the large number of questions to the author, Yu.Z. Kantor paid special attention to how one should learn to extract information from the most seemingly insignificant strokes, how journalism helps to collect information about destinies people involved in a particular historical plot, to identify and attribute the personal documents of eyewitnesses, and how, sometimes in an incredible way, a connection is found between the events of personal and global history.
On April 21 at St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of History Vadim Ibragimovich Musaev presented his new monograph “Different Christian communities in the North-West of Russia in the 1900s – 1930s”, in which all the history of main non-Orthodox confessional communities of St. Petersburg/Petrograd/Leningrad and in general in the North-West on the basis of materials from previously unpublished documentary sources was studied. The meeting was held as part of the program “Discussions in the Likhachev House”, which offers a scientific or non-fiction discussion of research and topics that have not lost their urgency.
The issue of the meeting attracted the attention of journalists, the museum community and the Christian denominations of St. Petersburg – representatives of the Lutheran communities (Finnish, Estonian, Latvian), St. Petersburg Orthodox Theological Academy, the Museum of the History of St. Petersburg and the Museum of the History of Religion took part in the discussion. Questions were asked regarding examples of positive interaction between the Orthodox Church and non-Orthodox traditional communities, as well as the relationship of free Protestant communities with traditional Christian denominations of the North-West, about the fate in the post-revolutionary years of the fostered inhabitants of numerous charitable institutions established by all Christian denominations of St. Petersburg, as well as a number of other questions.